Daniel Schwartz, Agrippa 1: The Last King of Judaea (Texts…, Greg, if you can scan an image of the scripts for Albinus and Pilate and email it to me I…, Well we know that even second temple Jews did indeed “deviate” from the straightforward Genesis account, and presumably they did…, All works of the New Testament are that late and depend vitally on those deviations. If so, you are expressing part of the black and white problematic phenomenon that Patik is attempting to help us understand — at a psychological level. Hence the Hindu destruction of the Babri mosque in 1992 and its consequent bloodshed; the “right” of Jews to the biblical lands of the West Bank (and eventually beyond? According to G.S. Personal religious experience usually revolves around existing doctrines, and is most commonly associated with the mythological and symbolic aspects of the religion. It is due to such assumed knowledge that the religion's priesthood maintains positions of honor and influence within the community. The Gospel of Mark’s Jesus as the New Adam, Jesus Christ Created as an Epitome of Old Testament Figures (1) — Charbonnel and Jésus-Christ, Sublime Figure de Papier, Did Jonathan Z. Smith Really Not Understand Ideal Types? (Part 3), Pit Stop in the Nanine Charbonnel Posts on the Literary Construction of Jesus Christ, The Why and What of WikiLeaks — and the Fear and Self-Censorship Response, Gospels Cut from Jewish Scriptures, #7 (conclusion), The antidote to George Orwell’s memory hole in 1984, Did Jonathan Z. Smith Really Not Understand Ideal Types? . There is only one true religion and one correct way of life; and these must be defended against inroads from other religions and secularism. That is what psychology and sociology is about. Pataki is not “dismissing” anyone — he is attempting to understand the psychology of an array of movements that demonstrate common characteristics. Organized religion is established for the explicit purpose of allowing a minority, the priesthood, to maintain mental (spiritual) control over its converts. Soteriological(having to do with salvation): Post-archaic reli- gions are schemes of salvation, concerned with the source, nature, and appropriate methods of removal of some evil be- lieved to afflict humans. Best, John”, — John Moles, September 2011 (personal email). In India they established the Hindu Golden Age described in the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. They have the “elect”,”chosen” and “unique” and he has his “enlightened”, “reasonable” and “tolerant”. I have a problem with what some of them believe is fundamental. By the way, my thanks to Neil for an ongoing superb job of exposing Jim’s review for what it is: a farcical and none too effective exercise in mythicism assassination, nothing to do with rational, let alone unbiased, scholarship. . Fundamentalism and nationalism converge. Six of the most important characteristics are: cities, government, religion, social structure, writing and art. Elements of Religious Traditions. The following two tabs change content below. And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon. For he had dominion over all region on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the kings on this side the river: and he had peace on all sides round about him. And what could be more narcissistic than thinking God “speaks” directly to you, that you’re “special” (aka, “Saved”), and that you’re “entitled” to proselytize and convert the whole rest of the world into thinking exactly like you?! . Please carry on.”, Thanks much for this book review. My point was mainly that while these groups may well be referred to by a majority as ‘fundamentalist’ and they display these 10 ‘problems’ we should still be cautious about how we use the word fundamentalist. As Francis Schaeffer would say: I wholeheartedly disagree with you but I’ll die for your right to say it. In fact, Godfrey is extremely well read and his librarian skills have brought many important academic works to my attention. They are still children psychologically. They had feasts to honour their gods 7. I believe people can be convinced by reason. G – Geography: that is not likely to suddenly change. And as such, they are “privileged” or “burdened” with a special mission on behalf of their deity and for the benefit of the world. To suggest that “tolerance” and “reasonable” and “enlightenment” (ie understanding) are “black and white” views of the world, or in any sense the equivalent of “elect”, “chosen” or “unique” is simply nonsense and a facile perversion of what is meant by “black and white” etc. Religious experience is a crucial factor within religion. Who Will See “The Kingdom of God Coming with Power” in Mark 9:1? I think the danger is for the people that think they are tolerant, enlightened etc to write them off instead of believing there can be real change in people’s lives. This post is going straight to the March 2016 Biblical Studies Carnival.”, “Neil, this is actually rather useful. The six most important characteristics of a civilization are cities, government, religion, social structure, writing, and arts and architecture. To return, in part, to Pataki’s examples — Most of us know of the idyllic kingdoms of David and Solomon for a Jewish example: Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the days of his life. . It is also exclusive to state that there is no truth or even that they are all true or that we can’t know truth. 3. British football fans, inner-city gangs and others could fit a lot of the above characteristics. Are you wishing instead that there be theological debates so that the one group you favour has a chance to prove their beliefs and disprove the others? The six most relevant characteristics are listed below: Maybe that’s the problem with labels. Musings on biblical studies, politics, religion, ethics, human nature, tidbits from science. Basic Religions Not Measured Against Other World Religions on an Evolutionary Scale 1. Yet Tamas Pataki in his newly published Against Religion lists what he sees as “criss-crossing similarities — family resemblances — in certain basic beliefs, values, and attitudes” (p.27) that characterize the various religious groups labelled “fundamentalist”. The Gush Emunim embrace modernity. There is no attempt to surreptitiously caricature or artificially or idiosyncratically “label” this or that group contrary to widespread public acceptance of the term. (I’m reminded in particular of a famous study some decades ago of millenialist movements in the middle ages, “The Pursuit of the Millennium“.). The social dimension of a religion is primarily determined by its ethical ideals and rituals contained therein. Patik discusses the changes in usage and application of the word ‘fundamentalist’ in the last few decades. Each of these castes is a well developed social group, the membership of … Filed under: Religion and Atheism Unfortunately,there is no current consensus on a precise identification of thenecessary and sufficient conditions of what counts as a religion. This oversight has been corrected. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites, Beyond The Valley (of the shadow of death), Z: Hebraic: Ancient Hebrew Sea Migrations. The classification of religions involves: (1) the effort to establish groupings among historical religious communities having certain elements in common or (2) the attempt to categorize similar religious phenomena to reveal the structure of religious experience as a whole.. Function and significance. Pataki points to the obvious examples in St Augustine, Calvin, and now in pre-millennial Protestants who are “burdened” with knowing they will be saved while the rest of the world goes to hell. Best, Emanuel, “Here I give an admittedly subjective short list, in random order, of useful, high level and regularly updated weblogs on the study of the Old Testament . Rituals often reflect the ways of the past as well as the ways of divine beings, through legends most often directly associated with the features of the ceremony or festival at hand. These groups are also insecure in the face of plurality and doubts — they can only function with absolute certainty. I know of no other site which offers a wide range of topics related to careful critical analysis of historically and scripturally related issues.”, “I think you have a high quality blog that provides a positive public service by discussing academic topics within a wider audience.”, “I have found your website really valuable as an interpretive filter for Biblical scholarship, especially the origins of Christianity and historicity of Jesus issue. On the heels of Enron and Sarbanes-Oxley and the subsequent birth of the ethics consulting industry, conversations around the value and place of spirituality in the workplace have been further encouraged by the need for managers and leaders to behave more ethically in the world and to foster ethical decision-making in their workforces. Your clarity of expression, fair comments and personal insights are much valued. But his analysis is still relevant, and actually corresponds to Freud’s, who thought that what he described as “excessive religiosity” (as opposed to simply a “spiritual” sense), is basically infantile Narcissism. One of the 10 points says these groups fear losing their distinctness — they have to maintain their distinct identities and cannot abide being confused with others, especially those who appear to outsiders as the most similar. These events continue to impact the marketplace, yet decision makers are … “Neil Godfrey and Tim Widowfield, who both write at Vridar . There are differences — Ayatollah Khomeini is religious innovator who rejects the literalist interpretation of the Koran, for example. I’ll try to offer something more substantial than “Thank you” in response at some point, but I didn’t want to wait . . The House of Worship (church, temple, mosque, etc) is the traditional place wherein congregational religious rituals and ceremonies are performed. As I was typing I was aware of this problem. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. What you’re saying is that I should just read the book instead of hassling you about it. “You are with us or against us.”. All are truth statements and make claims of absolute truth. Common Characteristics of Religions Most religions include belief in the supernatural (spirits, gods, God) or belief in some other Ultimate Reality beyond, yet connected to, human experience and existence. Religious experience is a crucial factor within religion. Some of them I agree with, others I do not. 9. Concerning the suggestion that instead of “scribal mistake”…, Giuseppe, you of the great bibliography finds, I am going to try to obtain the R. Stahl “Le document 70″…, Sorry for the delayed response, Neil–I am just reading this. They’re not the same as definitions. Elements of Religious Traditions Paper Patricia Summerville REL 134 August 23, 2010 Clark Frailey Abstract Religion is practiced by believers all over the world. Neil is the author of this post. These days it is a term given to groups we (the majority) don’t like but it isn’t the correct use of this word. “Thanks for this detailed interaction! During the Second Millennium CE a weakened Hindusim was easy prey for first the Mughal invaders and second British imperialism. Hence the “right” of Jews to the biblical lands of the West Bank, along with the consequent bloodshed. But it is also surely clear I was addressing not individuals but religious movements, another matter entirely, and it goes without saying that none of these will disappear via “rational” debate.