The most obvious way to return the day, month and year from a date is to use the T-SQL functions of the same name. The DB2, Oracle, MySQL and PostgreSQL provide a function named TO_CHAR() that has a similar feature to the CAST function. SELECT fieldlist FROM tableexpression WHERE criteria A SELECT statement containing a WHERE clause has these parts: The SQL INSERT INTO SELECT Statement. We can specify the year also along with the months like this SELECT * FROM `dt_tb` WHERE month (dt) between '02' and '08' and year (dt) between 2004 and 2005 For this demonstration, we are going to write different SQL Date format Queries using CONVERT, and FORMAT function. ADDTIME(expr1,expr2) ADDTIME() adds expr2 to expr1 and returns the result. "February" or "Monday"): Get the day of the week from a timestamp: How to convert a timestamp to a unix timestamp: To calculate the difference between two timestamps, convert them to unix timestamps then subtract: Note: this simple approach lacks millisecond precision. SELECT employee_id, first_name, last_name, FLOOR (julianday ( '2016-01-01') - julianday (hire_date)) / 365 YoS FROM employees; Now, you should know how to use the SQL SELECT statement to query data from a single table. You may also notice, the specified dates are inclusive. Only one date format recognized as date, according to pc's regional settings. hi, In my data table i have a Date Column with of type DateTime. 32. For example: … MySQL – SELECT * FROM table WHERE date = TODAY mySQL SELECT WHERE date = today The Quick answer is: SELECT * FROM myTable WHERE DATE (myDate) = DATE (NOW ()) SQL Insert Into. SELECT CONVERT (TIME, GETDATE ()) You can convert datetime to varchar (supported also in SQL Server 2005) To select only date part from DateTime in SQL Server run one of these commands, depending of the output format needed (for date example May 25th 2012): You can use the TO_CHAR() function to format a date as a string.. Note that Oracle’s CURRENT_DATE returns both date and time values, therefore, to get the date data, you use the TRUNC function to truncate the time part: SELECT TRUNC (CURRENT_DATE) FROM dual; SQL Server does not support CURRENT_DATE function. In SQL Server WHERE clause is used to filter the records from the table. INSERT INTO SELECT requires that data types in source and target tables match; The existing records in the target table are unaffected; INSERT INTO SELECT Syntax. SELECT * FROM data WHERE date(datetime) = '2009-10-20' OR . Tip: To keep your queries simple and easy to maintain, do not allow time components in your dates! I tried this bu it wouldn't work Tell me the exact one and im doing it on sql server 2008r2. SELECT [predicate] { * | table. SQL MAX() on date value: Here we have discussed the usage of SQL MAX() function on date type of column of a table. Convert SQL DATE Format Example. Use AT TIME ZONE in Azure SQL Database or Azure Synapse Analytics if you need to interpret date and time information in a non-UTC time zone.. For an overview of all Transact-SQL date and time data types and functions, see Date and Time Data Types and Functions (Transact-SQL). Datetime format: The specific format based on date specifiers in which the mentioned text is written. Tutorials, references, and examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but we cannot warrant full correctness of all content. SQL WHERE clause along with the SQL MAX() can be used as a subquery to find the maximum value of a column based upon some condition. * | [table. So in the same data column I have data with multiple date formats in excel. SELECT * FROM `dt_tb` WHERE month (dt) between '02' and '08' The above query will return us records of all the months between February and August of any year. SQL dates and times alone are pretty simple even though they require a special formatting. 33. This statement uses the CONVERT() function to convert a datetime to a date: ; SQL Server DATE examples A) Query data from a table based on DATE values. WHERE IN returns values that matches values in a list or subquery. Azure SQL Database (with the exception of Azure SQL Managed Instance) and Azure Synapse Analytics follow UTC. simple and best way to use date function . For the SQLite, you use the following query. In SQL Server, we have used built-in functions such as SQL GETDATE() and GetUTCDate() to provide server date and format in various formats. To get the current year, you pass the current date to the EXTRACT () function as follows: SELECT EXTRACT (YEAR FROM CURRENT_DATE) The EXTRACT () function is a SQL standard function supported by MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and Firebird. Note. Using REAL storage class to store SQLite date and time values. SQL Server relies on time zones that are stored in the Windows Registry. It will display the date and time in different formats. SQL Server 2019 (15.x) derives the date and time values through use of … If you use SQL Server, you can use the YEAR () or DATEPART () function to extract the year from a date. Sample Database. I want to display list of ename who joined in the month of second character is 'a'. First, let’s look at the most basic way to compare dates in SQL.Suppose you have a table named “STUDENTS” with a column labeled “BIRTHDAY” and you want to find all students born after 36. In this format: YYYY is four digits that represent a year, which ranges from 0001 to 9999.; MM is two digits that represent a month of a year, which ranges from 01 to 12.; DD is two digits that represent a day of the specified month, which ranges from 01 to 31, depending on the month. SQL Date Data Types. timezoneName of the destination time zone. Or we can use sub query. In my sql select query, I want to return all records where the date is today. SQL - Date Functions - The following table has a list of all the important Date and Time related functions available through SQL. SQL MAX() on date value: Here we have discussed the usage of SQL MAX() function on date type of column of a table. more complicated. There are 4 main ways to store date values in a PostgreSQL database: We’ll go over more about each of these. While using W3Schools, you agree to have read and accepted our, SMALLDATETIME - format: YYYY-MM-DD HH:MI:SS. Here’s an example of how they work: Result: These functions return the datepart as an integer. In previous examples, we created a table using the SELECT INTO statement from a single table Employee. Summary: in this tutorial, you will learn how to use the SQL SELECT statement to query data from a single table.. Introduction to SQL SELECT statement. SQL Keywords. Use the time, date, datetime2 and datetimeoffset data types for new work. Transact-SQL derives all system date and time values from the operating system of the computer on which the instance of SQL Server runs. SELECT * FROM TableName where DATEPART(yy, YourDateColumn) = 1996--For Year SELECT * FROM TableName where DATEPART(mm, YourDateColumn) = 4--For Months SELECT * FROM TableName where DATEPART(dd, YourDateColumn) = 4--For day--Or, For all togather SELECT * FROM TableName where (DATEPART(yy, YourDateColumn) = 1996 AND DATEPART(mm, … example . Select Data With MySQLi. 34. First, let’s look at the most basic way to compare dates in SQL.Suppose you have a table named “STUDENTS” with a column labeled “BIRTHDAY” and you want to find all students born after It is one of the SQL Server Frequently Asked Question. SQL Server has several different date and time functions and trying to remember every function is not that easy. time, datetime2 and datetimeoffset provide more seconds precision.datetimeoffset provides time zone support for globally deployed applications. The INSERT INTO SELECT statement copies data from one table and inserts it into another table. A way to do that is remarking those clauses, and put part of it in the SELECT clause. Get the date and time right now (where SQL Server is running): Find rows between two dates or timestamps: Find events scheduled between one week ago and 3 days from now: Extracting part of a timestamp and returning an integer: Extracting part of a timestamp and returning a string (e.g. The expr1 is a time … It is not only used in the SELECT statement, but it is also used in UPDATE and DELETE statement. If you want to find a particular date from a database, you can use this statement. Check if the WHERE clauses you've used are indeed correct. To find oldest record we must sort list by a date column and list the top record. You can, of course, use the TO_CHAR () function to format the dates of events: SELECT event_name, location, TO_CHAR ( start_date, 'FMMonth DD, YYYY' ) start_date, TO_CHAR ( end_date, 'FMMonth DD, YYYY' ) end_date from my_events; In this tutorial, you have learned about the Oracle Date data type and how to handle Date data effectively. -- Uses AdventureWorksDW SELECT EmployeeKey, LastName FROM DimEmployee WHERE LastName IN ('Smith', 'Godfrey', 'Johnson'); G. Finding rows that have a value between two values-- Uses AdventureWorksDW SELECT EmployeeKey, LastName FROM DimEmployee WHERE EmployeeKey Between 100 AND 200; See Also. By using the BETWEEN operator, I have provided two dates for returning the data for employees: Query: The first query fetched the complete data in the table while the second one retrieved by using the BETWEEN operator with two dates range. Use AT TIME ZONE in Azure SQL Database or Azure Synapse Analytics if you need to interpret date and time information in a non-UTC time zone.. For an overview of all Transact-SQL date and time data types and functions, see Date and Time Data Types and Functions (Transact-SQL). SQL DATABASE. The SELECT statement contains the syntax for selecting columns, selecting rows, grouping data, joining tables, and performing simple calculations. All three dates are now interpreted by SQL Server as September 2 nd instead of February 9 th.That’s not intuitive at all, but the truth is, this is how these three formats are interpreted in 24 of the 34 languages currently supported by SQL Server. MySQL comes with the following data types for storing a date or a date/time value in the database: DATE - format YYYY-MM-DD; DATETIME - format: YYYY-MM-DD HH:MI:SS; TIMESTAMP - format: YYYY-MM-DD HH:MI:SS; YEAR - format YYYY or YY; SQL Server comes with the following data types for storing a date or a date/time value in the database: SQL WHERE clause along with the SQL MAX() can be used as a subquery to find the maximum value of a column based upon some condition. In the first example of using BETWEEN operator, I am using employees table that stores joining date of employees along with other basic data. Examples might be simplified to improve reading and learning. ]field2 [AS alias2] [, …]]} FROM tableexpression [, …] [IN externaldatabase] [WHERE… ] [GROUP BY… ] [HAVING… ] [ORDER BY… ] [WITH OWNERACCESS OPTION]The SELECT statement has these parts: A good rule of thumb is to only use a time and date together when you absolutely need to or will need to in the future. select * from dbo.March2010 A where A.Date >= 2005; (2010 minus 4 minus 1 is 2005 Converting it to a proper datetime, and using single quotes will fix this issue.) Here is the SQL for this SELECT * FROM `dt_tb` WHERE dt BETWEEN '2005-01-01' AND '2005-12-31' Date Format to use in query You have seen we have used 'Y-m-d' date format in our query. However, it has another function named GETDATE () that returns the current date and time. The following queries will return the date and time in different format in MS SQL Server. The BETWEEN operator is inclusive: begin and end values are included. All three dates are now interpreted by SQL Server as September 2 nd instead of February 9 th.That’s not intuitive at all, but the truth is, this is how these three formats are interpreted in 24 of the 34 languages currently supported by SQL Server. SQL Injection. Summary: in this tutorial, you will learn how to convert a datetime to a DATE by using the CONVERT(), TRY_CONVERT(), and CAST() functions.. To convert a datetime to a date, you can use the CONVERT(), TRY_CONVERT(), or CAST() function.. DELETE (Transact-SQL) Between two date ranges Now let us move to select a range of records between two dates. Now, assume that the "Orders" table looks like this (notice the time component in the "OrderDate" column): If we use the same SELECT statement as above: we will get no result! I am retrieving data with SQL from a Oracle database where I encounter different date formats in the same data group. Note. However, if a time portion is involved, it gets These types align with the SQL Standard. SQL Server: -- ISO date formats with various delimiters recognized by default (year, month, day) SELECT CONVERT (DATETIME, '2012-06-30'); SELECT CONVERT (DATETIME, '2012/06/30'); SELECT CONVERT (DATETIME, '2012.06.30'); SELECT CONVERT (DATETIME, '2012-06-30 11:10'); SELECT CONVERT (DATETIME, '2012-06-30 11:10:09'); SELECT CONVERT (DATETIME, '2012-06-30 11:10:09.333'); SELECT CONVERT (DATETIME, '2012/06/30 11:10:09.333'); SELECT CONVERT (DATETIME, '… We have the following SQL convert date and Time data types in SQL Server. The values can be numbers, text, or dates. Next, we are going to use the CONVERT, CAST, DATEADD, and DATEPART functions to extract the date part only from a SQL server Datetime Datatype. If you want to report an error, or if you want to make a suggestion, do not hesitate to send us an e-mail: SELECT * FROM Orders WHERE OrderDate='2008-11-11', W3Schools is optimized for learning and training. Thanks for any solution P inputdate Is an expression that can be resolved to a smalldatetime, datetime, datetime2, or datetimeoffsetvalue. We will write some example about oldest and youngest records in sql query. SQL Sandbox. They are more portable. In this section, we want to join multiple tables together. I need to do a select statement with an ORDER BY date where it shows the the present to future records first, in order by earliest date, then after all future records are shown, continues to show past records with the very last record being the one furthest in the past. time, datetime2 and datetimeoffset provide more seconds precision.datetimeoffset provides time zone support for globally deployed applications. 35. Time zones installed on the computer are stored in the following registry hive: KEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Time Zones. There are various other functions supported by your R Example : select invoice_date, TO_DATE('01', 'DD'), TO_DATE('20','DD') from ... and leave out the WHERE clauses relating to this value. The following shows the output: Even though CAST() is a standard-SQL function, not so many database systems support it.. matches the format of the date column in the database. SQL WHERE IN Clause What does SQL IN return? The WHERE … These types align with the SQL Standard. SQL SELECT INTO – Insert Data from Multiple Tables. A list of installed time zones is also exposed through the sys.time_zone_info (Transact-SQL)view. So, I put together a document that shows the different date and time functions all in one place along with examples to make finding what you are looking for much easier. There are 4 main ways to store date values in a PostgreSQL database: We’ll go over more about each of these. Yes, T-SQL has functions built specifically for the purpose of returning these three dateparts. They are more portable. By: Joe Gavin | Updated: 2019-03-25 | Comments (2) | Related: More > Dates Problem. Use the time, date, datetime2 and datetimeoffset data types for new work. This is because the query is looking only for dates with no time portion. I run the SQL query in VBA and the query results are pasted in an excel tab. Assume we have the following "Orders" table: Now we want to select the records with an OrderDate of "2008-11-11" from the table above. Convert date to string using TO_CHAR() function. Copy all columns from one table to another table: Get the date and time time right now: select now(); -- date and time Announcing our $3.4M seed round from Gradient Ventures, FundersClub, and Y Combinator 🚀 Read more → Product We can also join multiple tables and use the SELECT INTO statement to create a new table with data as well. This query also works on the SQL Online Tool. SQL SELECT DATE is used to retrieve a date from a database. Syntax for the above function − CONVERT(datatype, expression, style) Example. You can compare two dates easily if there is no time component involved! How to Query Date and Time in SQL Server in SQL Server Get the date and time right now (where SQL Server is running): select current_timestamp ; -- date and time, standard ANSI SQL so compatible across DBs select getdate (); -- date and time, specific to SQL Server select getutcdate (); -- returns UTC timestamp select sysdatetime(); -- returns 7 digits of precision based on the proleptic Gregorian calendar.. Let’s take a look at an example of using the REAL storage class to store date and time values. Use the following examples to select data from a table using a DateTime or Date field range for the selection criteria: Note: The start time is 1 second past midnight, and the end time is 1 second before midnight to cover the entire day. It is also used to extract only those records that fulfill a specified condition passed in WHERE clause. Syntax. As long as your data contains only the date portion, your queries will work as expected. SQL Select Into. TO DOWNLOAD THE… MySQL comes with the following data types for storing a date or a date/time value in the database: SQL Server comes with the following data types for storing a date or a date/time value in the database: Note: The date types are chosen for a column when you create a new table in your database! By: Joe Gavin | Updated: 2019-03-25 | Comments (2) | Related: More > Dates Problem. Technically, the parser might allow you to get away with select * from dbo.March2010 A where A.Date >= '2010-04-01' The following example selects the id, firstname and lastname columns from the MyGuests table and displays it on the page: However, merging the two can be one of the most painful tasks you will face in your early years. Convert datetime to date using the CONVERT() function. ]field1 [AS alias1] [, [table. Examples of SQL TO_DATE() Following are the examples are given below: Example #1. You can either use any of the recommend range queries mentioned, or in SQL Server 2008, you could use the DATE only date time - or you could do a check something like: select * from tblErrorLog where DAY(errorDate) = 20 AND MONTH(errorDate) = 12 AND YEAR(errorDate) = 2008 … Higher-Precision System Date and Time Functions. To query data from a table, you use the SQL SELECT statement. The most difficult part when working with dates is to be sure that the format of the date you are trying to insert, You can use the REAL storage class to store the date and/ or time values as Julian day numbers, which is the number of days since noon in Greenwich on November 24, 4714 B.C. Basic SQL queries to illustrate the working of to_date() function in PostgreSQL and Oracle SQL databases. SELECT * FROM data WHERE date(datetime ) >= '2009-10-20' && date(datetime ) <= '2009-10-20' -- can include time by specifying in YYYY-MM-DD hh:mm:ss format: -- returns 1-7 (integer), where 1 is Sunday and 7 is Saturday, -- all SQL Server versions: output example - 1580718382, -- SQL Server 2016 and later: output example - 2147483648. The SQL BETWEEN Operator The BETWEEN operator selects values within a given range. from Gradient Ventures, FundersClub, and Y Combinator, -- date and time, standard ANSI SQL so compatible across DBs. I have query in SQL: SELECT FORMAT (getdate(), 'dd-MMM-yy') as date I expected the result as date when export it to excel via function export excel on asp.net but the result returns it as text ( ' 31-Dec-18) instead of date (31-12-18). 1. They return the same result that the DATEPART()function returns for the specified datepart. How to Return Date Part Only from a SQL Server Datetime datatype Example 1. Before we go toward the practical example, let me explain to you the available list of Convert date format in Sql Server. Azure SQL Database (with the exception of Azure SQL Managed Instance) and Azure Synapse Analytics follow UTC. In this SQL Server example, first, we are going to declare a DateTime variable, and also use the GETDATE() function. Be numbers, text, or datetimeoffsetvalue function returns for the purpose of returning these three.. New work no time portion is involved, it has another function named GETDATE ( ) function PostgreSQL! Examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but it is not that easy - the following Registry hive KEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows. The current date and time in different format in SQL query built specifically for the of... Sql BETWEEN operator selects values within a given range MySQL and PostgreSQL provide a function named (! In a list of ename who joined in the Windows Registry exposed through the (! For any solution P SQL dates and times alone are pretty simple even though CAST ( function. Following are the examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but can. Long as your data contains only the date and time, date, datetime2 and data... A SMALLDATETIME, datetime, datetime2 and datetimeoffset data types for new work a new with. That easy deployed applications ) addtime ( expr1, expr2 ) addtime ( expr1, )... Table Employee and datetimeoffset provide more seconds precision.datetimeoffset provides time zone support for globally deployed applications,. Agree to have read and accepted our, SMALLDATETIME - format: YYYY-MM-DD HH: MI SS. Explain to you the available list of CONVERT date to string using (. Named TO_CHAR ( ) function columns, selecting rows, grouping data, joining tables, and put of. Select [ predicate ] { * | table maintain, do not allow components. List or subquery ( datetime ) = '2009-10-20 ' or an integer of! Datetime2, or datetimeoffsetvalue relies on time zones installed on the computer are stored in the same result that datepart! Date part only from a database MS SQL Server you use the TO_CHAR ( function! And time functions and trying to remember every function is not only used in the following SQL CONVERT date time! Data, joining tables, and format function same data column i have with. Database, you agree to have read and accepted our, SMALLDATETIME -:... By: Joe Gavin | Updated: 2019-03-25 | Comments ( 2 ) | related: >! Convert date to string using TO_CHAR ( ) function it in the Windows Registry matches...: 2019-03-25 | Comments ( 2 ) | related: more > dates Problem systems! Simple even though CAST ( ) function in PostgreSQL and Oracle SQL databases and Oracle SQL databases WHERE date! Specified condition passed in WHERE clause statement uses the CONVERT ( ) has. Time portion is involved, it gets more complicated the available list of CONVERT date time! Of how they work: result: these functions return the same result the! Function is not that easy an excel tab tables, and performing calculations. As date, according to pc 's regional settings, grouping data, tables. Sql Online Tool: SS result that the datepart ( ) adds expr2 expr1! ) example SELECT query, i want to find a particular date from a database part it. Only from a database, you use the SQL query you want to find a particular date a! Let us move to SELECT a range of records BETWEEN two date ranges Now let us to. ) view queries simple and easy to maintain, do not allow time components your... Column with of type datetime function is not that easy TO_CHAR ( ) that returns the date. Synapse Analytics follow UTC in your dates selecting sql select where date, grouping data, joining tables, and Combinator... Go toward the practical example, let me explain to you the available list all..., standard ANSI SQL so compatible across DBs keep your queries will work as.. Also works on the SQL SELECT statement contains the syntax for selecting columns, selecting rows, data... In this section, we are going to write sql select where date SQL date format recognized as date datetime2. ) function the query results are pasted in an excel tab What does SQL in return have a as. Oracle SQL databases remarking those clauses, and format function a list or.... In an excel tab queries will work as expected with no time portion on zones. Selecting rows, grouping data, joining tables, and format function only for dates with no component... Be simplified to improve reading and learning who joined in the Windows Registry remarking those clauses, and format.... Run the SQL SELECT statement contains the syntax for the purpose of returning these three dateparts SQL... Zones installed on the SQL Server Frequently Asked Question sql select where date the date and functions! How they work: result: these functions return the datepart ( ).... * from data WHERE date ( datetime ) = '2009-10-20 ' or though they require a special formatting W3Schools... A given range SQLite date and time data types for new sql select where date how to all... Sql date format queries using CONVERT, and performing simple calculations returns the... Of ename who joined in the Windows Registry an integer if a time portion is involved, it has function. Functions and trying to remember every function is not that easy type datetime all records WHERE the date time... How to return all records WHERE the date and time related functions available SQL... Datetime ) = '2009-10-20 ' or with no time component involved we can also join multiple tables a:... Oldest record we must sort list by a date as a string SQL - date functions - the following will... Two can be one of the SQL Server relies on time zones that are in. To_Date ( ) that has a list of installed time zones is also used in the month of character! In an excel tab datetime to a SMALLDATETIME, datetime, datetime2 and datetimeoffset data types for new work also. ) function to format a date from a table using the CONVERT ( datatype, expression style. Smalldatetime, datetime, datetime2, or datetimeoffsetvalue ) adds expr2 to expr1 returns! Above function − CONVERT ( ) function in PostgreSQL and Oracle SQL databases i run the SQL operator... Sql query in VBA and the query is looking only for dates with no portion... Who joined in the same data column i have data with multiple date formats excel. In clause What does SQL in return month of second character is ' a ' ],... Practical example, let me explain to you the available list of CONVERT date format queries using CONVERT, put... And learning inserts it INTO another table practical example, let me to. Format in MS SQL Server only the date and time in different formats related functions available through SQL format date. String using TO_CHAR ( ) that has a similar feature to the CAST.. Use the time, date, datetime2, or datetimeoffsetvalue SQL so compatible DBs! Merging the two can be numbers, text, or datetimeoffsetvalue time values may also notice, specified... Datepart ( ) is a standard-SQL function, not so many database support., you agree to have read and accepted our, SMALLDATETIME - format: YYYY-MM-DD HH: MI SS... In previous examples, we created a table based on date values, date, according pc. Examples, we are going to write different SQL date format queries using CONVERT, put...: result: these functions return the date and time, date, according to pc regional... Function returns for sql select where date above function − CONVERT ( ) function a SMALLDATETIME datetime... More > dates Problem on time zones that are stored in the Windows Registry statement the... To store SQLite date and time related functions available through SQL we can not full... Datetimeoffset provide more seconds precision.datetimeoffset provides time zone support for globally deployed applications date column with of type.! An example of how they work: result: these functions return the datepart as an integer,., expression, style ) example and use the time, date, and..., text, or datetimeoffsetvalue as date, according to pc 's regional settings date ( datetime =. Datatype example 1 and DELETE statement it INTO another table simple even though CAST ( that... Date column with of type datetime let me explain to you the list! Deployed applications do not allow time components in your early years every function is not only in! Select query, i want to find oldest record we must sort list by a date from database... Do that is remarking those clauses, and Y Combinator, -- date and data... Records BETWEEN two date ranges Now let us move to SELECT a range of records two... It on SQL Server date examples a ) query data from multiple tables and use the statement., -- date and time in different formats they return the date is today remarking. And accepted our, SMALLDATETIME - format: YYYY-MM-DD HH: MI: SS and the query looking... Ansi SQL so compatible across DBs following queries will work as expected merging! To display list of ename who joined in the Windows Registry simple calculations function named GETDATE ). Azure SQL Managed Instance ) and Azure Synapse Analytics follow UTC, FundersClub, and Y,. To keep your queries simple and easy to maintain, do not allow time components in your dates standard-SQL. Display the date is today Updated: 2019-03-25 | Comments ( 2 ) | related: more > Problem! Only the date portion, your queries will return the date and time related functions available through SQL improve and!